What are the types of plagiarism and 5 importance of proper citation

MOST ESSENTIAL LEARNING COMPETENCY: Enumerate and describe the different citation styles.


1. Enumerate the different citation styles
2. Describe the different citation styles
3. Recognize the importance of proper citation in writing a scientific paper.


Citation is a formal reference to a published or unpublished source that you consulted and obtained information from while writing your research paper. The way in which you document your sources depends on the writing style manual your professor wants you to use for the class [e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, etc.]. Note that some disciplines have their own citation method [e.g., law].


Activity 1.

Directions: Create a diagram differentiating the types of plagiarism.

The Common Types of Plagiarism

1. Direct Plagiarism

Direct plagiarism is the word-for-word transcription of a section of someone else’s work, without attribution and without quotation marks.

2. Self Plagiarism

Self-plagiarism occurs when a student submits his or her own previous work, or mixes parts of previous works, without permission from all professors involved. For example, it would be unacceptable to incorporate part of a term paper you wrote in high school into a paper assigned in a college course. Self-plagiarism also applies to submitting the same piece of work for assignments in different classes without previous permission from both professors.

3. Mosaic Plagiarism

Mosaic Plagiarism occurs when a student borrows phrases from a source without using quotation marks, or finds synonyms for the author’s language while keeping to the same general structure and meaning of the original. Sometimes called “patch writing,” this kind of paraphrasing, whether intentional or not, is academically dishonest and punishable – even if you footnote your source!

4. Accidental Plagiarism

Accidental plagiarism occurs when a person neglects to cite their sources, or misquotes their sources, or unintentionally paraphrases a source by using similar words, groups of words, and/or sentence structure without attribution. Students must learn how to cite their sources and to take careful and accurate notes when doing research.


Activity 2: Directions: Give 5 importance of proper citation.

  1. To demonstrate to the reader that you conducted thorough research by citing the sources from which you obtained your data.
  2. To be a responsible scholar by acknowledging and giving credit to previous researchers.
  3. By quoting words and ideas from other authors, you can prevent plagiarism.
  4. To make it easier for the reader to locate the sources, you utilized by appropriately citing them in your paper via footnotes, a bibliography, or a reference list.
  5. The reader will gain a better understanding of the concepts you present in your work.

Enjoyed this article? Stay informed by joining our newsletter!


You must be logged in to post a comment.

About Author